Once in a lifetime, every woman faces a problem related to her reproductive health, which may include irregularity in the menstrual cycle, a UTI infection, pregnancy-related problems, etc. The problems may be due to hormonal changes, inherited conditions, or due to infections caused by some microorganisms.   While some of these problems may be easily resolved, others may require immediate medical intervention.  Consulting the Gynecologists in Mumbai can help you get the conditions diagnosed and effectively treated by the experts.

Mentioned below are some of the conditions faced by a woman that should evoke your concern.

PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

PCOS is a medical condition associated with the hormonal disorder leading to enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges. The condition is associated with irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles. If left untreated, the condition may result in permanent ovarian failure or infertility.

Causes

The cause of PCOS isn’t well understood, but genetic factors might be the reason. The most common reasons are increased levels of androgen in the body or rise in the levels of insulin.

Symptoms

Menstrual abnormalities, abdominal obesity, and acne

Treatment

There’s no permanent cure for PCOD. However, medicines may be prescribed but only for symptomatic relief. Also, reducing weight, yoga, and exercising may help.

Vaginitis

A medical condition associated with the inflammation of the vagina that may result in discharge, itching, and pain is termed as vaginitis. The condition usually affects females in her reproductive age.

Causes

It is usually caused due to a change in the normal balance of vaginal bacteria. Certain infections and reduced estrogen levels after menopause are also a few known causes.

Symptoms

Pain while urinating, itching/ irritation in and around the vagina, smelly vaginal discharge

Treatment

Treatment involves the use of medications.

UTI or Urinary Tract Infection

UTI or Urinary Tract infection is one of the most common gynecological problems that are faced by females of all age groups. The condition is associated with the bacterial growth in the vagina, anus, urethra, bladder, and in some cases, even kidneys.

Causes

The condition arises when bacteria move from the vagina or anus to the parts of the urinary system. Females with the narrowed urinary tract, blockage in the urethra, kidneys or bladder or pelvic disorders are at an increased risk.

Symptoms

Burning sensation in urination, urine with foul smell, cloudy or bloody urine

Fever, chills, backache, vomiting, nausea (when the infection affects kidneys)

Treatment

Treatment usually involves antibiotics that focus on the underlying cause.

Dysmenorrhoea

A medical condition associated with painful periods is termed as dysmenorrhoea. It is further classified into two categories – a) primary dysmenorrhoea (no associated pelvic disorder); b) secondary dysmenorrhoea (associated with pelvic disorders)

Causes

Primary dysmenorrhoea is caused due to prostaglandins, natural chemicals in the body that are responsible for contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, management of blood pressure, and modulation of inflammation.

The secondary dysmenorrhoea may occur due to fibroids, endometriosis, or adenomyosis.

Symptoms

Pain and cramps in the abdomen, reaching to lower back too.

Treatment

Painkiller may prove symptomatic relief.

Fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous growths inside the uterus that may cause heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding along with pain in the pelvic area.

Causes

The cause of PCOS isn’t well understood. However, hormonal imbalance and genetics are the most defined causes.

Symptoms

Heavy menstrual bleeding, pressure in the lower abdomen, abnormal vaginal bleeding or pain during sex

Treatment

In most cases, treatment involves surgery. However, the treatment procedure may change with the severity of the condition and age of the patient.

While it’s a fact that every woman likes to maintain good personal hygiene, sometimes even after maintaining hygiene, gynecological problems may pop up like an uninvited guest. So, in case you feel that you are suffering from, any such problem, it’s high time you consult a gynecologist.

Read More: Role of Gynecologists in Women’s Health Care

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