Cannabis cultivation is a term that involves growing Cannabis, either in a commercial (outdoor) facility or in a home garden (indoor). Cannabis cultivation is the process of planting, growing, and harvesting Cannabis. Marijuana belongs to the genus Cannabis in the family Cannabaceae and includes three species, which are cannabis Sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis. It is dioecious that is (each is either male or female) plant.
There are steps to cultivating Cannabis:
Step1: Choosing your cannabis seeds.
There are varieties of Cannabis such as Sativa, Indica, ruderalis, or any number of hybrids available for use. And under these hybrids as well we have a variety of cannabis flowers and leaves such as Haze berry, lucky lime, pink Bubba e.t.c.
Step 2: Requirements for the cultivation of Cannabis
To grow marijuana at its best and give you the juicy buds, here are the basic requirements:
Healthy cannabis vegetation needs over twelve hours of light per twenty-four hour period. When planted indoors, the lighting is usually controlled by the use of timers. But for outdoor germination, they get an intake of twelve hours of daylight and receives at least seven to eight hours of direct sunlight per day.
Organic growers will use some kinds of soil every time inside or out. However, the soil isn’t the only choice. There are neutral mediums that are entirely nutrient-dependent, including coconut coir, rock wool, perlite, and vermiculite. Deepwater culture does not use the medium at all.
Cannabis requires proper ventilation for strength and proper exchange of gases. When planted outdoors, this is not a problem because they will be exposed to natural breeze and gale alike. But for indoors, plants will need a system with fresh air intake, stale air exhaust, and a fan for directing airflow.
Just like every living thing, Cannabis needs Water to grow, thrive, and carry out its biological functions. Large cannabis plants are notoriously thirsty. Water is often used for flushing hydroponic systems as well as soilless systems. The need to maintain a PH of Water is vital for the cultivation of Cannabis.
Cannabis is a very tough plant and can survive in cold and hot conditions. It can get stressed and thus, not function well in the extremes. Cannabis, when not checked, can freeze or boil to death. Worse still It can stop germinating or go into stasis.
Marijuana will go into survival mode if the temperatures are extreme or too cold for too long. Twenty-seven degrees (27oC) centigrade is the accepted ideal for vigorous cannabis growth. For indoors, this is easy to achieve with fans, air conditioning units, heating. But for outdoors, you need to pick your time, know your particular climate well.
Step 3: Germination and cannabis seedlings
In other, for Cannabis to grow, there is a need for the germination of seeds. Each viable seed contains all the needed information to develop the strain of the plant you have chosen. All that is required is the right conditions, and the life cycle will begin. Generally speaking, seeds won’t germinate until three specific needs are met. i.e., Water, temperature, and a pleasant environment.
Cannabis cultivation is an organic process without strict sets of rules, but an art to be mastered. However, there are several equally effective methods for germinating Cannabis Over time, and you can choose the one that works best for you. The methods include Straight into the medium, Jiffles, Plug, and Rock Wool Starters, Paper Towel, In Water, and Germination stations.
Step 4: The Vegetative Phase of Cannabis
Once the green leaves meet, the light photosynthesis begins in earnest. The plant starts to metabolize, and the vegetative phase can begin. For Indoors: Lights are set to an eighteen-hour day, six-hour night light regimen. Plants are delighted in organic soil, or they are fed nutrients designed for the vegetative phase. Lots of human manipulated airflow keep temperatures under control and strengthen young plants. Outdoors:
Cannabis flowers proliferate once the daylight hours start to increase during spring. Cannabis will continually vegetate while there are twelve hours of daylight.
Step 6: The Blooming Period of Cannabis
Blooming, budding, and flowering all refer to the same phase of growth for the marijuana plant. As soon as aromas start to develop, interesting floral arrangements also begin to emerge that are particular to the choice of strain. Rather than the stretching and striving symmetry of vegetation, the branch grows into a zig-zag form and compresses with less distance between nodes. Soon after, proper flowers start to form. Calyxes will emerge at branch internodes quickly establishing pistil covered puffballs. After which the much-desired resins begin to form in young trichomes on the pistils, calyxes and leaf surfaces.
Step 7: Harvesting, Drying and Curing for Best Quality Buds
Harvesting the cannabis plant: There is no set way to collect. Harvesting can be done by wet trim, which is detaching all the leaves while the plant is still upright then break the plant down further. Those hanging branches are left to dry. Some will remove the sugar leaves only, then harvest and hang the whole plant. Although, there are no set rules except to be careful when handling.
Dry your buds in a cool dark place with little humidity. Naturally, this process is prolonged and should take a minimum of two weeks. You can also check often for overdrying.
In conclusion, Cannabis not only has benefits for the health of individuals consuming it but also benefits others involved in the cultivation process in terms of income generation.