Thanks to modern medicine, people with diabetes mellitus now have a chance to live a full life without paying as much attention to their health issues. The medications for diabetes vary depending on its type, body peculiarities, dosage, etc. It also comes in different forms to meet all the needs of the patient, as well as to choose the most comfortable way of injection.
But are there any differences between cartridges for pen and vials? How should they be used? Read to learn more on this topic!
What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a health issue that comes in three main types:
- Type 1 diabetes. In patients with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can’t produce natural insulin at all or cannot make enough of it. In this case, an additional dose of human insulin analog is prescribed to the patient;
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus. This issue means that glucose in the bloodstream is not moved properly to the cells, so high blood sugar appears as a result of it. The type of insulin should be chosen according to the problems caused by this illness;
- Gestational diabetes. It usually appears in pregnant women and should be gone after the baby is born. However, this issue also means the person has all the chances to develop type 2 diabetes in the future, so it is better to be careful.
As we have already mentioned, the types of insulin, comfortable form of insulin dose administration, and other nuances are decided together with doctor and patient in order to choose a perfect combination for the treatment.
Cartridges for insulin pens. The main information
Every insulin cartridge is meant for insertion into the insulin pen. The advantages include the fact it is comfortable in use, can be easily carried everywhere with the patient, and the pen is reusable (so it is possible to save up some money on the medications).
After the person inserts the cartridge into the pen, needles should be opened and ready to be used. The solution can be administered into the abdomen, thighs, belly, or buttocks. The cartridges cannot be shared by different people to avoid the risk of dangerous transmitted diseases.
Unused cartridges should be put into the fridge to keep at a temperature from 2°C and 8°C. The remedy inside can’t be frozen, and if it was, it can’t be used anymore. If the cartridge should be used soon or the person is currently using it, it has to be kept at room temperature, which is not higher than 25°C.
It is always important to check the solution inside the cartridge. If it is not transparent or has unknown particles in it – it cannot be used on the person.
Insulin vials with insulin glargine. Everything you need to know
Every insulin vial with human insulin analogs inside is always applied in combination with a syringe and a needle (needle length may vary depending on the area of injection).
Before injecting insulin or insulin analogs, the person needs to make sure the solution inside is colorless, without sediment or any foreign particles. If it doesn’t look like it was previously described, it is recommended to throw it away and take a new vial with insulin for controlling blood glucose instead.
The rules of insulin storage for vials are the same as with cartridges for insulin pens. They should be kept in the fridge, far from the freezer compartment. Those vials of insulin that are currently in use have to be stored at room temperature, away from direct sunlight, heat, and children. An opened vial has to be used in 28 days and thrown away afterward, even if there is still a remedy left inside.
It does not really matter what form of medication you choose for the insulin therapy – vial, insulin pen with the cartridge inside, insulin pump, or syringe. The most important thing is the prescribed medication. So, all the debates on the topic of “Insulin vial vs. pen” don’t really make sense. The only thing different is the method of insulin delivery, it doesn’t influence the effect at all. Choose whatever is best for you together with the health care provider. Thank you for reading, and stay tuned!