Though heat and power such as electrical power are important for most industrial a mechanical process to take place, they end up causing havoc when the heat becomes too much. For this reason, when looking forward to starting or running an industry, one of the major considerations that you need to make is the cooling system that you will use for your industry or plant.
Luckily, there are several cooling towers that you can choose when looking forward to having a cooling system in your industrial. However, with the many options in the market today, picking the best option that is worth investing in is easier said than done especially if you lack adequate knowledge and understanding of the industry.
Cross-flow cooling tower is among the options that you will come across when looking for cooling systems. This is a kind of cooling tower that gets its name from the direction of air and water flow as it performs its cooling functions.
Like most cooling towers, it uses the principle of air and water to help in its performance.
Below is more information about the crossflow cooling tower, how it performs its operations, and the principals behind is working. The comprehensive information below will also help you understand why you should consider investing in a crossflow cooling tower.
What Is a Cross Flow Cooling Tower?
As discussed above, to help cool down machinery and the performances in industries, it is paramount that each industry invests in a cooling tower. This helps cool down or stabilize the heat produced by the sources of power in the industries and power plants thus evading damages.
For this reason, there is the invention of the cross flow cooling tower which helps minimize this heat.
It is, therefore, right to say that a crossflow cooling tower is a kind of cooling tower that cools down by allowing air to flow in horizontally while water flows vertically, thus the name crossflow tower.
This is a kind of tower that is more often than not mounted on the side of the industry that needs cooling thus ensuring sufficient and constant flow of cool air and water. Additionally, the crossflow cooling tower ensures that it meets the laid and expected layouts of a cooling tower such as being located in an appropriate position and not being a hazard to the environment.
In the cross-flow cooling tower, the cooling air distribution and water distribution are both designed in a harmonious configuration and are each important to help ensure maximum efficiency in heat rejection.
Areas of Operation for Cross Flow Cooling Towers
Like other cooling towers, cross flow cooling towers are used in industries and power plants where there is a need for cooling services. These are some of the areas where the cross over cooling tower will be most effective as it will help ensure that cool air flows.
Working Principle of Cross Flow Cooling Tower
When working with a crossflow cooling tower, serviceability is one advantage you are sure to enjoy. This is because they have an internal access plenum is usually fitted with an internal platform.
This helps in servicing the drive system not to mention inspecting the entire fill assembly to ensure that everything is working effectively.
As mentioned earlier, the working principle of a cooling tower involves a horizontal flow of air and vertical flow of water. The air flowing horizontally later enters the vertical faces of the equipment, whereby the water flows down by gravity and later meets the filling material.
At this point, the air flow asses the filling and later through the cooling water. The water then streams at a lower temperature providing chilled water which is a requirement for the purpose of power generation and air conditioning.
Additionally, cross flow cooling towers have splash type fillings, which are good for the application where water has higher suspended particles. Unfortunately, there are cases where the film type fills fail to be compatible, which can be termed as a disadvantage of the crossflow cooling towers, since it results in causing more harm than good.
Water flows from the top of a crossflow tower is as a result of gravity. Additionally, the spray nozzles do not require additional pressurization, thus saving the pumping energy.
In areas where there is a reduction of water flow rates, there are weir dams which help in the full distribution of water across the fill surface.
In crossflow cooling towers, fills are vertically installed at an angle of about ten degrees. However, we cut our fills for this cooling tower at an angle that meets the customer’s preferences.
Dry areas in the course of heat transfer are some of the misfortunes that can happen. For instance, they create less resistance to airflow, thus limiting the potential of evaporative cooling.
On the other hand, dry areas increase the number of mineral deposits gets is left behind from evaporated water, thus increasing chances of dry air disease.
Characteristics of A Cross Flow Cooling Tower
Have a simple design that is easy to understand
Produce low noise of water pressure
Smaller floor space and more economic benefits for long term use
It is easy to maintain the cooling tower
Gives excellent results that one can rely on
Cross-flow cooling towers are as a result of extensive and professional development, research and testing. They meet the international industrial standards of cooling towers. For this reason, customers for the towers have commented on the products’ reliability, high performance, and cost-effectiveness.
Here are a few among their recorded comments;
One industrial user claimed that “The cooling towers are lightweight and rigid, hence easy to maintain.”
Another one claimed that “The towers are well equipped with all the necessities to help with air conditioning among other industrial applications.”
Some customers were concerned with the measures cooling tower manufacturers are putting in place to reduce emission from the towers. These were environmental concerns that border on pollution and climate change.
Most customers were particularly happy about the warranty provided for the thermal performances in case they break down.